We are searching data for your request:
English-speaking people in many parts of the world refer to just about any shrub or vine that bears fragrant, star-shaped flowers as "jasmine" and usually they are correct. There are over 200 species of jasmine and many of them have been cultivated far from their native lands, which extend from Indo-Malaysia to northern Asia, North America, South America, and Europe. This article, however, is about only one of those species, winter jasmine, which originates from China but is now widely-planted in temperate climates on both sides of the Equator.
Many people love this plant’s ability to bring forth its gorgeous yellow flowers in late winter and the earliest days of spring, long before the buds of other flowers are even visible. It offers a great introduction to spring and closure to the cold, winter months.
Winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) can thrive in a wide variety of growing zones (3-21) and may be just the thing for your cold-weather landscape. This deciduous, mounding or vining shrub displays slender, willowy branches and some delightfully bright yellow flowers before its glossy, green leaves of three leaflets ever unfold. It would be great if you decide to plant it where it would spill over a wall, or use it as a covering for a steep slope in your landscape. It can also help prevent soil erosion.
A relatively trouble-free plant, this rapid-growing plant will reach up to about four feet tall and 6-8 feet wide when unsupported, meaning you may end up with a groundcover plant of sorts, which is great if that's your goal. Any plant grown as a climber will only make rapid progress upwards if the stems are trained from the beginning; otherwise, they flounder about as if they are unaware of where they should go. If using it on a trellis, you can expect it to grow up to about 15 feet.
As a shrub, it grows in a sprawling mound to approximately four feet tall with arching branches and spreads by the trailing branches that root as they move along the ground. Even the green stems are beautiful during the late winter months. The bright yellow flowers will bloom before the leaves in late winter or very early spring.
Note: You would, however, have to be willing to do without the characteristic fragrance of most varieties of jasmine, as the winter jasmine has very little to none.
Winter jasmine grows well in well-drained soil in full sun in almost any type of soil (adding some compost always helps). It would also help if the ball of soil and roots are soaked before planting and the ends are turned outwards by scratching at them with your fingertips. If you have an ugly fence that you would like to cover up, winter jasmine is perfect, or it can be used as a ground cover. You might also be able to train it to grow on a trellis.
Sometimes winter jasmine can get somewhat weedy because its stems root at the internodes starting new plants. A little bit of trimming should keep it in check.
Winter jasmine, although it is almost always grown as an embellishment for a structure, is not actually a climbing plant. It is simply a scrambler by nature. When growing in the wild, it will climb right over other bushes without destroying them. Further, each dangling shoot that touches the ground will begin rooting, offering you many new plants, so you can take advantage of this plant all you want.
This hardy variety of jasmine can withstand climates up north as far as USDA growing zone 5 or 6. If you are in zone 5, you would most likely need to plant your jasmine near a building so that it is protected from the wind.
If growing your winter jasmine from seed, start them indoors a few months before your particular date to plant them outdoors. Before planting, soak the seeds for a full day. Fill several small starter cells with potting soil and soak the soil thoroughly, although the soil needs to drain completely before planting.
If you need to prune your winter jasmine plants, do it in the spring, immediately after they have bloomed. Because they flower on old wood, pruning them at this time will not cause you to lose any flowers next year. To control their spreading, you may want to prune them several times, although if you do, it will mean fewer flowers in the spring.
Fertilizing these plants, although it's not necessary, will help to create bigger plants. I suggest working some compost into the ground around your plants.
If you have unsupported winter jasmine plants, they tend to grow as vine-like shrubs and can become invasive because of the stems that develop roots whenever they come in contact with soil. Pruning regularly will keep unsupported plants from spreading into an area in which you don't want them.
If you train your plants to grow up on a support structure as vines, spreading is less problematic. You can avoid contact with the ground by tying the stems to a structure of some sort.
Some gardeners actually appreciate the plant's ability to spread and multiply. Once the plant has rooted, they simply sever the rooted stem away from the main plant, then dig out the baby plants by the roots. Once it has been removed, it is either potted or planted in another area of the landscape.
So, winter jasmine can multiply, present you with beautiful flowers and spread out to fill an area very quickly. Plus, it needs very little care, so what more could you want?
Winter jasmine can be propagated by taking cuttings of ripe wood in autumn. This can be done in sandy soil in a container or rooted with mist during mid-summer. If your choice is to take cuttings, cut a piece of stem about six inches long directly below a leaf. Strip the leaves from the bottom of the cutting, then dip your cutting in a rooting compound (I use Garden Safe TakeRoot Rooting Hormone but others are probably just as effective).
Then, place the cutting into a hole in moist sand in a planter, putting the entire planter in a plastic bag to retain moisture. The roots should develop within a month, and my own personal suggestion at this point would be to transplant your jasmine into potting soil in order to strengthen the root system for a while before you put them out into your garden area.
© 2018 Mike and Dorothy McKenney
Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 29, 2018:
Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on July 29, 2018:
I really have no place to grow this gorcious flower. It is absolutely beautiful. Great info in this article.